21 thoughts on “KUIK wall on New Sabah Times”

  1. KOTA KINABALU, Malaysia) — Universiti Malaysia Sabah’s (UMS) School of Engineering and Information Technology has developed two new products for use in the construction industry.

    Associate professor for Civil Engineering Programme, Dr Md Abdul Mannan, said the products were C-channel and greenstone aggregate.

    He said the C-channel, a precast reinforced concrete product, was for use in building floors as per industrialised building system, the government’s guideline.

    Abdul Mannan said it was made using conventional concrete (normal weight concrete) and lightweight concrete using oil palm shell, the solid waste discharged from palm oil mill.

    “It is structurally efficient and is recommended for use in modern buildings,” he told Bernama here today.

    Abduk Mannan said C-channel did not need any topping slab after final placement, thus avoiding temporary propping.

    He said greenstone aggregate was made using solid wastes such as municipal, industrial and construction.

    “Solid wastes are available everywhere. If they are processed properly, they can be used as coarse aggregate in concrete production, which is green solution for solid waste disposal,” he said.

    He said greenstone aggregate was environmental-friendly stone for concrete production and renewable resource for construction industry.

    Abdul Mannan hoped the UMS research products would benefit the construction industry, thus helping galvanise the country’s economy.

    SOURCE: http://www.bernama.com

  2. The World Bank Carbon Finance Unit convened a workshop on April 2 focused on reducing emissions from road projects. The event brought together representatives from the private sector, government officials, and staff from the Carbon Finance Unit. Following the workshop, attendees were given a tour of the Aggregate Industries’ Bladensburg (Maryland) asphalt plant, which produces warm mix asphalt. The plant tour was a part of the World Bank’s Transport Week Workshop on “reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from road construction projects through the use of green pavement technologies.”

    Aggregate Industries, which hosted the tour, is a Rockville-based producer of aggregate and construction materials and was selected to participate in the event because of the Company’s commitment to developing and deploying sustainable products and solutions in the building materials market.

    Along with organizers from the Carbon Finance Unit at the World Bank, members from the National Asphalt Pavement Association and representatives from the World Bank’s client country transport agencies, representing more than ten countries from around the world, attended the asphalt plant tour hosted by the plant manager, David Jones. During the tour, Jones explained the history, vision, products, and other significant facts about the plant to the visitors.

    Aggregate Industries’ Bladensburg asphalt plant was commissioned on April 9, 2008. When the decision to go forward with the project was made in 2006, the DC market presented a unique opportunity, whereby market growth and a consolidated competitive market provided favorable conditions for an investment of this nature. This strongly competitive location and materials advantage, raw materials supplied direct from the quarry by rail, allow Aggregate Industries to capture market growth and market share from its competitors. Currently, the Bladensburg asphalt plant possesses a warm mix asphalt capability for all base and surface pavements as specified by surrounding jurisdictions and the private sector, while approval for the public sector is pending.

    As a committed provider of “green” building materials, Aggregate Industries manufactures warm mix asphalt. Manufacturing warm mix asphalt consumes less energy and results in lower carbon emissions. Warm mix also uses RAP (recycled asphalt product) to produce new product.

    The Company leads the way in warm mix application in several markets, including the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast regions of the country. In Massachusetts, the Company successfully introduced warm mix asphalt for a paving commission at Logan Airport, completing the first runway to use the material. Since then, the use of warm mix has been added to the specifications for runway paving in the state. Aggregate Industries has been awarded a second paving contract to begin next month. In addition, the Company also successfully introduced the product to Mass Highway for the paving of I-93.

    Aggregate Industries is actively promoting the use of the product in a number of major markets, as evidenced by its plant tour for World Bank officials. The Company is committed to greenhouse gas reduction and to minimizing emissions produced by the building materials industry. Aggregate Industries is a member of the EPA’s Climate Leaders program and is the only national partner of the Cool Climate Concrete program. This program focuses on reducing emissions by providing offset payments to concrete companies that use higher percentages of recycled products, like fly ash and slag, in lieu of Portland cement in their mix designs.

  3. It’s a rather astonishing statistic, but apparently concrete is the most widely consumed substance on Earth after water, with 12 billion tonnes produced annually. Given this level of consumption, it’s not surprising that the concrete industry is increasingly taking advantage of recycled material, in order to reduce both its costs and its impact on the environment. This goes for both the concrete used to build buildings and bridges, and for the cement that is an essential constituent.

    Concrete is a simple mixture of cement, aggregate (gravel, sand and crushed rock) and water, with cement making up 10-15%. Old concrete is completely recyclable, regularly being used as filling material and as aggregate in the production of new concrete. Cement, on the other hand, is a much more complex material, comprising oxides of calcium, silica, aluminium and iron.

    The most common type of cement, known as Portland cement, is produced by mixing crushed limestone rock, which provides the calcium oxide, with clay and shale, which provide the silica, aluminium and iron oxides. Heating this mixture in a kiln to around 1450°C produces a material known as clinker. To this is added a small amount of gypsum (calcium sulphate) and other secondary substances, which influence some of the physical properties of the cement like its setting time.

    Some of these secondary substances have always been obtained from other industrial processes, such as fly ash from coal-fired power stations. But unwanted industrial waste material and by-products are increasingly being used throughout the cement production process. Waste material containing calcium, silica, aluminium and iron, such as old catalysts and contaminated sand from foundries, is now being used as raw material, while old plastics and tyres are being used to fuel the kiln.

    Now while these recycling efforts are commendably environmentally friendly, they are having some unwanted consequences. For the resultant cement can become contaminated with some less-than-useful compounds derived from the recycled materials, particularly the fluorine, chlorine and bromine found in plastic. At high enough concentrations, bromine and chlorine can corrode the steel rods found in reinforced concrete, while fluorine can leach out of the concrete to pollute the surrounding soil and water.

    So a number of analytical techniques have been developed to measure the concentrations of fluorine, chlorine and bromine in cement. But these techniques tend to be complicated, time-consuming and not always particularly effective, with one commonly-used titration method unable to distinguish between bromine and chlorine.

    Taking inspiration from efforts to analyse these elements in rocks and other geological samples using ion chromatography, a team of Japanese and Chinese scientists led by Liang Zhang from Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology have developed a much faster and simpler method.

    In order to release the fluorine, chlorine and bromine from the cement samples, Zhang and his team first developed a novel pyrolysis process. This involves mixing the cement sample with tungsten oxide and then heating it in a tube to 1050°C. With the tungsten oxide helping to accelerate the reaction, the intense heat breaks down the cement, releasing the fluorine, chlorine and bromine as ions. Air flowing through the tube carries the ions to a bottle containing a sodium carbonate solution, where they are captured. After this pyrolysis process, the sodium carbonate solution containing the three ions is simply analysed by ion chromatography (IC).

    Testing this method on six 1g samples of commercial Portland cement, Zhang and his team found that it could accurately determine the concentrations of fluorine, bromine and chlorine at levels as low as 0.2-0.5mg/kg. Furthermore, the method was fairly speedy, taking just 45 minutes – 25 minutes for the pyrolysis process and under 20 minutes for the IC analysis.

  4. SWISS cement firm Holcim has urged companies in the Philippines to explore carbon dioxide-reducing processes to help ease the worsening impact of climate change.

    Holcim Philippines chief operating officer Ian Thackwray said companies, especially those heavily dependent on energy and mineral resources, should find ways to help governments address global warming through corporate measures.

    “We place environmental management high on our priorities as a company. We recognize the public’s high expectations for responsible management in this area and strive to meet and exceed those expectations,” said Thackwray in a statement.

    Holcim is one of the founding members of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development that made commitments to reduce carbon emissions by 20 percent in 2010, with 1990 as baseline year.

    Thackwray said the firm’s comprehensive Environmental Protection and Enhancement Program has several initiatives that include carbon dioxide reduction through fuel substitution and efficient use of energy and mineral resources. The measure translates to a reduction of about 7 percent of carbon dioxide with every bag of Holcim cement, he said.

    He added that Holcim continuously invests in equipment and systems that monitor air emissions and keep the air clean.

    All the Holcim cement plants have complete state-of-the-art continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS), which ensures that no harmful gas emissions are added on to the environment, far exceeding the minimum requirements of the Philippine Clean Air Act.

    “To minimize fugitive dust, the company also maintains bag house filters and electrostatic precipitators in all of its plants,” said Thackwray. “Wastes are treated at the company’s plants and incorporated as raw material for cement manufacturing using Holcim’s global technology of co-processing.”

    Thackwray assured that Holcim Philippines has the necessary facilities and the know-how based on the successful experiences of several European countries that have been co-processing waste materials for many years now.

    The Dow Jones Sustainability Index named Holcim last year as “ Leader of the Industry” for the fourth consecutive year and was recognized for its best sustainability performance in the building materials industry.

    The firm has been included in both the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index and the Dow Jones STOXX Sustainability Index for six years. The Dow Jones awards seek to recognize commitments of global companies to sustainable development.

    “As cement producers, we care about the proper use of our products and promoting the best sustainability practices in order to meet today’s needs and, perhaps, more importantly, provide and conserve resources for future generations,” Thackwray said.

    Written by Estrella Torres / Reporter

  5. Reinforced concrete
    Reinforced concrete is concrete in which steel reinforcement bars (“rebars”), plates or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen a material that would otherwise be brittle. In industrialised countries, nearly all concrete used in construction is reinforced concrete

  6. Materials
    Concrete is a mixture of cement (usually Portland cement) and stone aggregate. When mixed with a small amount of water, the cement hydrates form microscopic opaque crystal lattices encapsulating and locking the aggregate into a rigid structure. Typical concrete mixes have high resistance to compressive stresses (about 4,000 psi (27.5 MPa)); however, any appreciable tension (e.g. due to bending) will break the microscopic rigid lattice resulting in cracking and separation of the concrete. For this reason, typical non-reinforced concrete must be well supported to prevent the development of tension.

    If a material with high strength in tension, such as steel, is placed in concrete, then the composite material, reinforced concrete, resists compression but also bending, and other direct tensile actions. A reinforced concrete section where the concrete resists the compression and steel resists the tension can be made into almost any shape and size for the construction industry.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinforced_concrete

  7. Alkali silica reaction

    This a reaction of the amorphous silica sometimes present in the aggregates with alkalies, for example from the cement pore solution. The silica (SiO2) reacts with the alkali to form a silicate in the Alkali silica reaction (ASR), this causes localised swelling which causes cracking. The conditions for alkali silica reaction are: (1) aggregate containing an alkali reactive constituent, (2) sufficiently availability of alkali ions, and (3) sufficient moisture, above 75%RH within the concrete. [3][4] This phenomenon has been popularly referred to as “concrete cancer”. This reaction occurs independently of the presence of rebars: massive concrete structures such as dams can be affected.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinforced_concrete

  8. Plastic foam aggregate matrix made from recycled paper and fiber products

    A plastic foam material comprises an aggregate of discrete elements made of substantially individual cellulose fibers combined with a cellulose starch and including a plurality of bubbles produced by a gas-generating agent. The discrete elements are suspended in a matrix also including a plurality of bubbles produced by a gas-generating agent. In a preferred embodiment the matrix is also made of substantially individual cellulose fibers combined with a cellulose starch and formed into a geometric shape. In another preferred embodiment the discrete aggregate elements are substantially closed-cell foam and the matrix is substantially open-cell foam. In yet another preferred embodiment the discrete aggregate elements are substantially closed-cell, and the foam matrix is also substantially closed-cell.

    http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5106880.html

  9. Foam aggregate catamenial tampon .
    Foams (as for example polyurethane foam) catamenial tampons which have been treated with surfactant. Catamenial tampons of this invention exhibit improved humid expansion characteristics. In a preferred embodiment, the catamenial tampons comprise particles of lubricated polyurethane foam which have been treated with surfactant and which are contained within a fluid permeable overwrap. The invention includes a process for making the above described catamenial tampons.
    http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3994298.html

  10. The effects of aggregate properties on lightweight concrete

    This paper describes a study of the effects of several factors on the strength of lightweight aggregate concrete composites: aggregate strength, w/c ratio and the porosities of the interfacial zone and within the hardened cement paste. Concrete samples with three different water cement ratios (i.e. 0.4, 0.44, 0.48) were compared. The crushing strengths of three grades of expanded clay lightweight aggregates (i.e. 25, 15, 5 mm) and the pore distributions of the hardened cement pastes were measured. Increasing the water/cement ratio was found to decrease the strength of lightweight aggregate concrete. The numbers of pores within the cement paste and in the aggregate/cement paste interfacial zone were found to increase.
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V23-4N2D5X4-6&_user=2387683&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000057152&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=2387683&md5=09a03af51f6206b04e5256639ff9ef44

  11. Effects of Aggregate Characteristics
    Digital-image-based computer models can also be used to study the effects of aggregate characteristics, such as sorptivity and reactivity, on ITZ microstructure. For sorptivity, the major practical example would be the use of absorptive lightweight aggregates in concrete. Several researchers have observed that the ITZ in lightweight aggregate concrete is denser than that in ordinary concrete and may be even denser than the bulk paste microstructure [35,36]. Fagerlund has suggested that this phenomenon is caused by the lightweight aggregates acting as filters or sponges, drawing in water and pulling cement particles towards their surfaces [37]. This effect can be easily simulated by moving all cement particles a prescribed distance towards the aggregate surface, as shown in Figure 6, to simulate water absorption by the unsaturated aggregate. This results in an increase in cement volume fraction near the aggregate surface, partially offsetting the wall effect.
    http://ciks.cbt.nist.gov/~garbocz/rilemreport/node8.html

  12. Electra Gold announces the start of a research and development program into nano-structured environmentally-friendly materials as replacements for Portland Cement based concrete.

    Electra is participating in this research and development program with Vancouver based private research facilities and University personnel.

    The focus of the research will be on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the use of concrete using the amorphous silica products produced by Electra from the PEM100 deposit. Samples of chalky geyserite from the Apple Bay project have been submitted for characterization as to suitability to act as binders.

    “This is an exciting project and has the potential to result in a new source of revenue and growth for the Company,” stated Mr. J.T. Shearer, President of Electra Gold Ltd. “The market for environmentally-friendly materials as replacements for Portland cement is growing, with limited sources available. Electra Gold is in the fortunate position to hold active mining leases from which these materials may be produced.”

  13. Many scientists currently think at least 5 percent of humanity’s carbon footprint comes from the concrete industry, both from energy use and the carbon dioxide (CO2) byproduct from the production of cement, one of concrete’s principal components.

    Yet several studies have shown that small quantities of CO2 later reabsorb into concrete, even decades after it is emplaced, when elements of the material combine with CO2 to form calcite.

    A study appearing in the June 2009 Journal of Environmental Engineering (http://scitation.aip.org/eeo/) suggests that the re-absorption may extend to products beyond calcite, increasing the total CO2 removed from the atmosphere and lowering concrete’s overall carbon footprint.

    While preliminary, the research by civil and environmental engineering professor Liv Haselbach of Washington State University re-emphasizes findings first observed nearly half a century ago–that carbon-based chemical compounds may form in concrete in addition to the mineral calcite-now in the light of current efforts to stem global warming.

    “Even though these chemical species may equate to only five percent of the CO2 by-product from cement production, when summed globally they become significant,” said Haselbach. “Concrete is the most-used building material in the world.”

    Researchers have known for decades that concrete absorbs CO2 to form calcite (calcium carbonate, CaCO3) during its lifetime, and even longer if the concrete is recycled into new construction–and because concrete is somewhat permeable, the effect extends beyond exposed surfaces.

    While such changes can be a structural concern for concrete containing rebar, where the change in acidity can damage the metal over many decades, the CaCO3 is actually denser than some of the materials it replaces and can add strength.

    Haselbach’s careful analysis of concrete samples appears to show that other compounds, in addition to calcite, may be forming. Although the compounds remain unidentified, she is optimistic about their potential.

    “Understanding the complex chemistry of carbon dioxide absorption in concrete may help us develop processes to accelerate the process in such materials as recycled concrete or pavement. Perhaps this could help us achieve a nearly net-zero carbon footprint, for the chemical reactions at least, over the lifecycle of such products.”

    That is the thrust of Haselbach’s current NSF-funded work, where she is now looking at evaluating the lifecycle carbon footprint of many traditional and novel concrete applications, and looking for ways to improve them.

    “This work is part of the portfolio of studies that NSF is funding in this vital area,” added Bruce Hamilton, director of NSF’s environmental sustainability program and a supporter of Haselbach’s work. “Research relating to climate change is a priority.”

  14. Lincolnshire, U.K.) — Cemex has replaced 74% of the fuel used to heat its cement kiln at a North Lincolnshire plant with fuels made from wastes.

    The alternative fuels used at South Ferriby Cement Plant are Secondary Liquid Fuels made from industrial liquid wastes that cannot be recycled, such as paint, thinners, inks and varnishes, and Climafuel which is made from household residual and commercial waste that would otherwise go to landfill.

    The 74% achieved by South Ferriby is a record for the plant. According to the British Cement Association’s BCA Performance Report, the 2007 level of replacement of fossil fuels among member companies reached 19.4%.

    Emissions at the plant, such as oxides of nitrogen and sulphur, have declined by 20% and 43% respectively since alternative fuels were introduced in 2002.

    By: Janie Stamford
    Source: http://www.contractjournal.com

  15. As the world scrambles to meet its increasing energy demands the search for renewable energy sources is more and more desperate.

    Our cars, trucks, planes, trains and economy will screech to a HALT without a sufficient supply of transportation fuels. And it will only get worse. Energy experts predict a 25% increase in U.S. petroleum consumption and a 35% increase in worldwide petroleum demand by 2025.

    Where does all that fuel come from?
    We know from experience that unexpected events around the world, such as hurricanes in the Gulf Coast to turmoil in the Middle East;,disrupt oil supplies and hike up the prices of crude oil and commercial fuels. A reliable domestic fuel source is more important than ever before.
    And the answer to that need has the potential for vast profits!

    Biofuels are poised to meet the worlds increased energy demands

    Biofuels are prepared to make ample fuel supplies at a time when output from existing oil fields are currently declining and new fields are not yet ready for production. Biofuels can help fill the gap between limited fuel supplies and increasing worldwide demand–a gap that is growing in the coming years.

    Biofuels are renewable fuels that are predominantly produced from domestically produced biomass feed stocks or as a by product from the industrial processing of agricultural or food products. Biofuels can also come from the recovery and reprocessing of biomass products such as cooking and vegetable oil.

    Biofuels can also be used in conventional healing equipment or diesel engine with no major modification. Biofuel is simple to use, biodegradable, non-toxic and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics. Ethanol and biodiesel are the most widely recognized biofuel sources for transport sector.

    Biofuel contains no petroleum, but biofuels can be blended at any level with petroleum fuel to create a biofuel blend.

    Biomass is a renewable energy resource derived from waste. Biomass comes from both human and natural activities and uses by-products from the timber industry, agricultural crops, raw material from forests, household wastes, and wood. Like wind, solar and other forms of renewable energy, biomass produces fewer emissions than its fossil fuel counterparts.

    Biomass can be converted into various types of biofuels and used in numerous applications. Two types of ethanol are produced in the United States: fermentation ethanol and synthetic ethanol. In addition, biodiesel, bio-oil, and biofuel from synthetic gas are produced commercially.

    And there’s plenty biomass to go around…
    The DOE and the U.S. Department of Agriculture recently demonstrated how 1.3 billion tons of biomass could be produced exclusively for energy production in the United States each year with only modest changes in terrestrial crop practices.

    With today’s best available biomass conversion technology, this quantity of biomass can replace about 30% of the petroleum our nation currently consumes. As conversion processes improve and we draw on a wider range of biomass resources, including aquatic forms of biomass, we should find that the potenŹtial for biofuels is even greater.
    Make money fighting the “Hot Button Issue” of Global Warming…

    The use of biofuel made from biomass can.

    A principal advantage of biomass is its low greenhouse gas emission characteristic. Biomass does not spew carbon dioxide into the atmosphere as it absorbs an equal amount of carbon in growing as it releases when consumed as a fuel. Biomass contains less sulfur than coal, and consequently produces less SO2.

    Biomass and Biofuel are already gaining popularity today…

    Most cars on the road today in the U.S. can run on blends of up to 10% ethanol, and motor vehicle manufacturers already produce vehicles designed to run on much higher ethanol blends. Ford, DaimlerChrysler, and GM are among the automobile companies that sell “flexible-fuel” cars, trucks, and minivans that can use gasoline and ethanol blends ranging from pure gasoline up to 85% ethanol (E85).

    By mid-2006, there were approximately six million E85-compatible vehicles on U.S. roads.

    Oil Companies aren’t the only ones that can make Massive profits in energy markets…

    The growing ethanol and biodiesel industries are providing jobs in plant construction, operations, and maintenance, mostly in rural communities.

    According to the Renewable Fuels Association, the ethanol industry created almost 154,000 U.S. jobs in 2005 alone, boosting household income by $5.7 billion. It also contributed about $3.5 billion in tax revenues at the local, state, and federal levels.

    Researchers at the Overseas Development Institute have argued that biofuels could help to reduce poverty in the developing world, through increased employment, wider economic growth multipliers and energy price effects.

    Stimulate the economy with biofuel production from biomass.

    Also learn…
    Biomass Conversion Technologies
    Economics of Developing Biofuels
    Economic Analysis of Biofuel Programs
    Agricultural Trade Liberalization
    Biomass Market Country Overviews

    Be in the know about…
    Lifecycle Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    Other Economic Impacts of Biofuel Production
    Impact on Engines and Other Vehicle Components
    Impact on Emissions and Vehicle Performance
    Environmental Impact of Biomass to Biofuels
    Historical Background of Biomass and Biofuels
    Barriers and Challenges Biomass and Biofuels face.

    Now more than ever alternative fuels such as biofuels derived from biomass are in the spotlight as the solution to avoiding petroleum nightmares, and the companies investing in the biomass and biofuel solution will be collecting wild profits in the years and decades to come.

    By now you realize the growing importance of Biomass and Biofuels, and the impact Biomass and Biofuel will have in the near future, and the important role that biomass and biofuels already play today.

    The best time to get in on a trend is before it takes off; don’t wait for the rest of the world to catch on to the Biomass and Biofuel trend…

  16. Toronto, Canada) — A high-profile $55-million project to transform an abandoned brick yard complex in the heart of Toronto into an environmental park and learning centre has one-upped itself.

    Last Autumn, the Evergreen Brick Works heritage site received an Acknowledgment Award in the Holcim North American Awards 2008 competition, and since then, the impact has been substantial.

    The award “has been very helpful in our fundraising efforts,” says David Stonehouse, an urban planner with the Evergreen Foundation, the not-for-profit organization spearheading the revitalization of the former Don Valley Brick Works.

    To date, the charity has received $20 million from Infrastructure Canada, $10 Million from the Ontario Ministry of Culture and $3 million from the David and Robin Young Family. The funding is in instalments, but Evergreen still has to raise the balance, including about $35 million in construction costs, says Stonehouse.

    Located in Toronto’s Don Valley, the site contains 16 designated heritage buildings, some of which date back to the 1890s. The brick works closed in the 1990s. At one time, the property was zoned for a housing development but was appropriated by the Toronto Region Conservation Authority because it was partially on the flood plain.

    Earlier this year the Evergreen Foundation signed a lease agreement with the city, which manages the site, after several years of negotiations.

    With a targeted goal of achieving LEED Platinum status, its mission is to transform the 4.9-hectare site into “a venue for exploring fundamental challenges facing sustainable cities of today such as environmental and community health, brownfield development, heritage conservation and the need for innovative public-private partnerships.”

    To accomplish that goal, minimal alterations and restorations will be made to the buildings which are being designed by du Toit Architects, the project’s prime architect.

    Rather than completely rebuild the structures, Evergreen’s approach is an adaptive reuse “which emphasizes a light touch and loose fit, with the aim of ensuring the adaptability of the site to changing ideas of program and occupancy.”

    However, there will be one new building. Construction of the 45,000-Centre for Urban Sustainability has been underway since February.

    Designed by Diamond + Schmitt Architects, it will include features such as the Evergreen administrative offices, event space and childrens’ programming facilities.

    In early May, site servicing and foundation restoration work for four of the 16 existing buildings got underway. Micro piles are being installed to connect the on-grade slabs with bedrock to stabilize the buildings. Eastern Construction is the overall construction manager.

    All the work should be completed and the Evergreen Bricks Works will be in full operation by 2010, says Stonehouse.

    By: Dan O’Reilly

  17. ECONOMICS of open innovation

    What ROI at what RISK? – every investor’s top question! With respect to open innovation, the same question gets rephrased as below …

    a) What is the cost of doing ‘open innovation’ vis-à-vis strictly ‘in-house innovation’?
    b) Opening up for innovation is new for me, and new things carry more risk, can I predict my return-on-investment?
    c) How can I have a control over people not on my payroll? Will I loose money?
    d) We already have an internal R&D, will opening up be an additional cost?

    So how are the various aspects of collaborative innovation fair when it comes to the all important, COST?

    COST FACTOR 1: By far the most favorable advantage open innovation carries is ‘Pay for real outcome not for trial and error.’

    This is a huge cost saving, and a simple logic. Assuming there is a 20% chance of an average innovation effort to succeed, in open innovation you pay only for the favorable outcome and not for the effort which does not yield desired results.

    A must ask question is “Then who pays for the effort which does not yield desired results”? The rule of averages comes into play, the so called huge cost of yielding no result is distributed among many people, making it most of the times insignificant for an individual. Broad talent pool increases the chances of finding the right fit for you and at the same time increases individual’s chances of finding an opportunity where her talent can fit. As you see it’s a solid win-win situation.

    COST FACTOR 2: Benefit from what is yours, in-house.

    Opening up to outside of your group but within your organization can also be treated as a type of open innovation.
    Leveraging what you have – by connecting the exiting talent of your organization (part time, full time or even coffee time) with the existing challenge of your organization.
    Utilizing what you anyway paid for is a cost saving. Garage sales never hurt.

    COST FACTOR 3: Avoid risk of not completing the first, fifth or the last mile of your idea just because you do not have a person who can travel that mile for you.

    Some great innovative ideas don’t see the light of the day during the execution resulting in financial losses. Fill in the gaps by bringing just-in-time talent. Just as there is a cost of innovating, there is a cost of not innovating, more so when you abandon a worthy idea.

    Cost of doing collaborative innovation, internal and/or external, is not more compared to strictly in-house innovation. Though relatively new phenomenon, open innovation provides more control and is less risky. While you won’t have control over the people, you will have a control over paying only for what you get. Open innovation does not need to be a either /or with in-house innovation, nor does it need to make an addition or reduction in your innovation budget – considering open innovation as ‘just another means’ is by far the best way to avoid any cost related roadblocks.
    Posted by Jayesh Badani

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